Our body is built with five elements, earth,
fire, water, sky and wind. Fire is a symbol of energy. Without
energy there is no life. Hence the fire God Agni is worshipped by
In the Rig Veda, the first hymn is in praise of Lord Agni. Lord
Agni is a divine messenger.
In Vedic literature, there are hymns in praise
of different Lords which are called Mantras. Who are these Gods?
They are the ones who give us material benefits in life such as
wealth, prosperity, education, marital bliss, happiness etc. and
also spiritual strength to get off the cycle of rebirth.
Lord Ganesha (elephant faced God) is always
worshipped before starting any Pooja or Homa. Lord Ganesha removes
all obstacles. Lord Ganesha is also known as Vigneshwara [vigna
+ Eswara] which means the lord who removes all obstructions
There are many mantras to propitiate Lord Ganesha. By and large
there are 56 different postures and mantras for Lord Vinayaka. In
Shilpa sastra, all the 56 positions are described elaborately.
The following Ganapathy Homas are performed
generally by many even now.
Ganapathy Homa should be performed in the early
morning and Poornahuthi to be offered during sunrise, unless any
other time is specifically mentioned to suit the particular
There are two ways of performing Homas, Vedic and Tantra.
In the Vedic way of Homa, all rituals are performed as per Vedic
texts. In tantra, sometimes Vama prayog is also done to
safeguard the native from enemies and adversaries. It also
produces adverse effect on enemies Normally only Vedic way of
Homas are performed.
To perform Ganapathy Homa the following
materials are essential.
Ghee, Modhaka (a kind of sweet prepared
with coconut, gur and rice flour or wheat flour), durva (a kind of
Mahaganapathy Homa is performed
with Ashta Dravya (a mixture of eight materials)
1.Coconut, 2.Banana, 3.Honey,
4.Sugarcane, 5.Ghee, 6.Modhaka, 7.Jaggery, 8.Puffed rice.
In Sankatahara Chathurthi Homa, apart from ghee, we can use all
varieties of flowers, fruits, sweets, etc., which may count upto
108 dravyas (materials) except tulsi leaf.
Note: Tulsi leaf should not be
offered to Ganapathy.
Ganapathyatharvashirsha is in praise of Lord Ganesha.
(Please refer Shri Mahaganapathya Atharva seersham) This mantra
is recited normally while performing Ganapathy Homa. The benefits
of the mantras are described in these last three mantras.
By chanting these mantras, one can live peacefully, without any
hindrance. He who wants to become a good orator should do
Abhishekam to Lord Vinayaka with this mantra. A man in need
should perform Homa by durva (A kind of grass). A man seeking good
memory and reputation should do Homa with puffed paddy. He who
desires prosperity should perform Homa with 1000 modakha. He who
performs Ganapathy Homa with ghee and samit (a kind of branch of
tree) will get everything he desires. During Solar eclipse if one
recites these mantra in the bank of a holy river or in front of an
idol of Ganapathy, the mantra will become sidha to him. After
that he will not face any hindrance and all his sins will be
washed off. All his desires will be fulfilled. This is what of
Veda and Upanishad say.
If any one is running Ketu dasa or bhukti or there is some dosha
of Ketu in the horoscope, he can perform Ganapathy Homa and
Ganapathy Homa should be performed on all auspicious occasions.
Performing Ganapathy Homa once every year will give prosperity,
health and wealth. Ganapathy Homa should be done on Shukla
Chathurthi day of Bhadrapad i.e. the birth day of Lord Ganesha.